Store patients properly and protect them from the weather, trigger an alarm as soon as possible. Determine position coordinates exactly! If the injured person has to be left, leave him in a secure position, provided the state of shock can not be ruled out. Ev. Mark the scene of the accident to make it easier to locate it from the air.
In the case of the usual "light" injuries of the musculoskeletal system, such as foot or knee dips, immediately cool and store as soon as possible. The transport of the path has to be adjusted to the local possibilities, at most an improvised immobilisation is necessary. In the case of bruises, the same applies in principle. Open wounds require expert care, if possible within six hours, to prevent wound healing disorders or even infections. Because of the general danger of small skin wounds, it is advisable to check whether a tetanus has been used in the last five years. Overload damage such as blistering, tendonitis or back pain from the backpack are uncomfortable, but require no immediate action. They can usually be avoided by thorough preparation.
Hunger cast (hypoglycaemia)
Is a result of excessive lowering of blood sugar. Signs are poor concentration, tripping, trembling, general weakness, cold sweat, malaise, etc. Stop immediately, give glucose, other sweets and sweet drinks, put on warm clothes. Must stop until recovery, then continue slowly. Continue to feed to avoid impending relapse!
May occur due to excessive intake of concentrated sugars. A varied snack and adequate hypotonic hydration prevent this.
Are a sign of excessive muscle fatigue. It has been proven that these occur more frequently in electrolyte deficiency; Potassium and magnesium play a central role. With ordinary salt tablets, however, "only" sodium and chlorine are added, which can additionally trigger nausea. Therefore, it is essential to pay attention to the electrolyte composition of the drinks. In existing muscle spasms, gently stretch muscles (by partner!), Do not lie down, but move easily.
To be identified in time and to protect against further mechanical irritation, in particular, try to prevent it from leaking. Carefully puncture blisters on the edge with a needle and squeeze out.
Can protect against representation, but only if used properly. It should be noted a significant decrease in effectiveness after one to two hours, then when the body fatigues.